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Divorce Rate In India

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Divorce or dissolution of marriage is the final termination of a marriage, canceling the legal duties and responsibilities of marriage and dissolving the bonds of matrimony between married persons. In most countries, divorce requires the sanction of a judge or other authority in a legal process. Divorce laws vary considerably around the world. Divorce is not permitted in some countries, such as in Malta and in the Philippines, though an annulment is permitted.

In western countries, a divorce does not declare a marriage null and void, as in an annulment, but divorce cancels the marital status of the parties. Where monogamy is law, this allows each partner to marry another. Where polygyny is legal, divorce allows the woman to marry another.

The legal process for divorce may also involve issues of spousal support, child custody, child support, distribution of property and division of debt, though these matters are usually only ancillary or consequential to the dissolution of the marriage.

Divorce Rate in Different Countries

United States

In 2008, 46% of all marriages involve a remarriage for one or both spouses. It is estimated that 40% of all marriages have ended in divorce as of 2008. It is frequently reported that the divorce rate in America is 50%. This data is not accurately correct, however, it is reasonably close to actual. The Americans for Divorce Reform estimates that “Probably, 40 or possibly even 50 percent of marriages will end in divorce if current trends continue.”, which is actually a projection.

United Kingdom

The number of divorces granted in the UK in 1961 was 27,000. This doubled to 56,000 by 1969, and doubled to 125,000 divorces by 1972. The number in 2002 was 160,000. The increase in divorces has been largely attributed to the introduction of the Divorce Reform Act of 1969.

The rate of divorce in the United Kingdom has been dropping in recent years. In 2007 the divorce rate in England and Wales was recorded at 11.9 people per every 1000 of the married population. This is the lowest divorce rate recorded since 1981.

Europe

In 2000, Belgium had the highest divorce rate at 2.9 per 1,000 people, and Italy and the Republic of Ireland the lowest rate at 0.7. One study estimated that legal reforms accounted for about 20 percent of the increase in divorce rates in Europe between 1960 and 2002.

India

Acknowledging India’s respect for its culture and social ethics, one can guess that India enjoys a lowest divorce rate. But it is more surprising to know that the divorce rate in India ranks lowest among all the countries of the world. Statistics shows that only 1 out of 100 Indian marriages end up to a divorce which is quite low in comparison to America’s 50% of marriages turning into breakups. The rate of divorce in India was even low in the previous decade, where only 7.40 marriages out of 1,000 marriages were annulled. The divorce rate in Indian villages is even lower in caparison to urban India.

In Hindu religion marriage is sacrament and not a contract, hence divorce was not recognised before the codification of the Hindu Marriage Act in 1955. With the codification of this law, men and women both are equally eligible to seek divorce. Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs, and Jains are governed by the Hindu Marriage Act 1955, Christians are governed by The Divorce Act 1869, Parsis by the Parsi Marriage and Divorce Act 1936, Muslims by the Dissolution of Muslim Marriages Act 1939 and Inter-religious marriages are governed by The Special Marriage Act 1954.

Conditions are laid down to perform a marriage between a man and woman by these laws. Based on these a marriage is validated, if not it is termed as void marriage or voidable marriage at the option of either of the spouse. Here upon filing a petition by any one spouse before the Court of law a decree of nullity is passed declaring the marriage as null and void.

Divorce can be applied only after one year of marriage. But the numbers seemed to be increasing at alrming rate.Here, Marriages need not be registered and only Divorce are registered. So its hard to infer the percentage of divorce as percentage of marriage. But the number of divorce can be counted.

One of the major reason for low rate of divorce in India is a Arrange marriage. Arranged marriages have been the tradition in Indian society for centuries. Even today an overwhelming majority of Indians in India have their marriages planned by their parents and other respected family-members. Arranged matches were made after taking into account factors such as age, height, personal values and tastes, the backgrounds of their families (wealth, social standing) and their castes and the astrological compatibility of the couples horoscopes.

In general both the parents and the young people feel that since they were older and wiser than their progeny, they would be able to find a suitable match for their children with more prudence than the latter. Although most marriages are arranged, some couples in India opt for selecting their partners by themselves, based on their direct interaction with those partners. This is often termed as “love marriage” in India. Love marriages tend to be more common in the urban areas. Among the overseas Indians, many marriages are still arranged with the assistance of the parents. Even the so called love marriages in India generally happen with the approval of the parents, although their blessing may sometimes be reluctant. In India, the marriage is thought to be for life, and the divorce rate is extremely low. below we can compare India with some other major countries of world.

Rank

Country

Percent

01.

India

1.1

02.

Sri Lanka

1.5

03.

Japan

1.9

04.

Republic of Macedonia

5.0

05.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

5.0

06.

Turkey

6.0

07.

Armenia

6.0

08.

Georgia

6.6

09.

Italy

10.0

10.

Azerbaijan

10.3

11.

Albania

10.9

12.

Israel

14.8

13.

Spain

15.2

14.

Croatia

15.5

15.

Greece

15.7

16.

Singapore

17.2

17.

Poland

17.2

18.

Romania

19.1

19.

Slovenia

20.7

20.

Bulgaria

21.1

21.

Switzerland

25.5

22.

Portugal

26.2

23.

Slovakia

26.9

24.

Moldova

28.1

25.

Latvia

34.4

26.

Canada

37.0

27.

Hungary

37.5

28.

Netherlands

38.3

29.

France

38.3

30.

Lithuania

38.9

31.

Germany

39.4

32.

Iceland

39.5

33.

Ukraine

40.0

34.

Norway

40.4

35.

United Kingdom

42.6

36.

Russia

43.3

37.

Czech Republic

43.3

38.

Austria

43.4

39.

Belgium

44.0

40.

Denmark

44.5

41.

Estonia

46.7

42.

Luxembourg

47.4

43.

Finland

51.2

44.

Belarus

52.9

45.

United States

54.8

46.

Sweden

54.9

Text and Data taken from.:
https://sites.google.com/site/indiandivorcelaws/divorce-rate-in-india
http://www.darndivorce.com/divorce-rates-around-the-world/

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